Posts Tagged ‘Shop Architects’

X2_Lamination_Openings and Panels_Porter House

Lamination exercise on Porter House by SHoP Architects

Last precedent study: X1_Rhythm

After the rhythm analyse, last weeks precedent study and some reflections on our site in Athens, I looked at the facade organisation of the Porter House  in a different way; the at first look random composition  of the panels, windows and lights is acctually the result of some important constraints. For example the organisation of the floor plan, the orientation of the facade (visibility and sun influence), the height… influence the placement and sizes of the windows. Also the composition of the panels is determined by a constraint given by its material (zinc panels).

Primary facade composition: windows and light boxes

Secondary facade composition: zinc panels between the primary composition (it might influence the primary composition, because of its size constraints… )

The whole facade could be set out of some modules. Their sizes are given through the size of one zinc plate, which is 3m x 3m. There are two possibilities to get 3 different panel sizes from that zinc plate. All the other modules are also conceived to use as least material as possible. All facade elements are fixed to a secondary metal structure.

Flow chart for the parametric interpretation of the Porter House facade.

Matrix to show different parameters:

1_ windows and lights rhythm is the same on all floors

2_ rhythm becomes larger through the height of the building

3_ 4_ the division of the panels between the windows and lights gets larger as well.

The windows and panels distribution influence and depend on each other. In the case of the Porter House this organisation happens in the horizontal way. After my analyse on the Piraeus site, I switched this horizontal organisation to a vertical organisation. The distance between the windows and panels changes now directly through the height of the building.

Grasshopper overview_

The different sizes of windows have a different CULL pattern, which changes with every copy in z-dir.

If the distance between a window and the next window or light box is smaller than 2.5 the rhythm of zinc panels happens by division with 5, otherwise division with 4

missing elements to fix the corner problem…

link to rhino file

link to grasshopper file

PS1 Pattern Analyse_ Porter House by Shop Architects

The Porter House, New York by Shop Architects

The Porter House is a residence building, added on top of an old industrial building. Its at first glance randomly distributed facade elements contrast the classical facade of the old brick house.

The facade appears differently during the daytimes. The irregular facade elements appear as a thick layer during the day and change to irregular light beams at night.

Facade rhythmMoreover there are 5 different sizes of these facade elements plus the light beams. They seem linked vertically and are shifted in the same time. It is very unclear how the placement of the individual facade plates can be understood.

For this exercise I looked at an abstraction of the facade; the relation between mass and void.

Facade plates crunched together to understand the relation between mass and void.

The shifted facade plates in comparison to regularly distributed vertical bands. Could those vertical bands be the initial situation of the facade design?

Analyse of the shifting distances from the initial vertical bands to the facade elements of the Porter House. There seems to be a shifting rule for each floor, depending on the shifting of the plates below. So that there’s an ongoing overlapping.

The vertical plates are an extrusion of the line R L (point R for right and point L for left). As the points R and L can shift, the vertical plate adapts.

I started manipulating the plates on ground floor with the help of a series, the shift is increasing to one side.

The shifting of the upper floors are influenced by this initial setting of the ground floor, but they have their own multiplication factor (-1 to change direction…)

Initial situation: regular vertical plates

Slight shifting

Final state…

link to rhino file
link to grasshopper file