Posts Tagged ‘x1’

X1 – Agbar Tower, oriented louvers

Agbar Tower, Barcelona by Jean Nouvel proposes a double facade, a structural envelope on the inside and a glas-panels system on the outside. Those last are oriented and materialized regarding the sunlight incidence, while the envelope is covered by color squares.

You can download the Rhino-file (base curves) over here.

The first sketch explores the possiblities of partition of one panel (about 3 unit squares height). Once divided, each subpanel can be rotated to follow a given orientation.

Rhino screenshot

Grasshopper screenshot
Grasshopper file

The second sketch studies the envelope partition to get each panel. It proposes a way to set the color of the panel regarding height (red) and sunlight direction (blue).

Rhino screenshot

Grasshopper screenshot
Grasshopper file

x1_moneo_congess.center_st.sebastian

Congress Centre in St.Sebastian, Spain
The Congress Center  in St.Sebastian, Spain
completed 1999

shimmery double glased facade with visible, through-shining construction inbetween

outer shell: laminated glass elements of profile glasing/float glass, 600×2500, retained by aluminium profiles

inner shell: glass panels, sand blasterd, transluzent, 600×2500, wooden retaining ledge innerside on horizontal jointing


one single shingle of laminated glass 600×2500 mm
shingles made up the entire facade, see relation of shingles and construction grid


idea of structurize the modelling-process in a bottom-upcsystem, beginning with a single element, which can be differently modified


modelling of single shell, with several modification possibilities

extract from grasshopper file, showing modification possibilies

entire facade pattern, regular structure

grasshopper file:

analyse of openings

The Kunsthaus Bregenz by Peter Zumthor

This buiding by Zumthor is characterized by something we could call “double casing”. It’s a free standing concrete building covered by a self supporting façade completely independent from the actual building.

The facades organization is based on one very strict rule that could be defined by regularity; the rhythm is clear and constant, both horizontally and vertically.

It’s a steel structure that creates a frame which supports both the outside glass  panels overlapping, as well as the inside glass work.

The thing that makes this extremely simple façade interesting is its transparency. In between the façade and the inside there is a 90 centimeters wide gap, it’s a light pit.  The transparency allows the inside concrete structure to be visible from the outside and this “gap” in between the façade and the structure, makes this structure more or less visible depending on the light.

As a parametric formation I first started by defining 4 point from which I created a surface. The high and width are adjustable.

Then I divided the surface by row and colones, their number is also adjustable.

Besides, I waned to create a grid with horizontal and vertical lines that would illustrate the very simple pattern organizing the façade, however I did not success in doing so, since I didn’t manage to create the horizontal links.